Philip and Mary Coins
Mary I became Queen of England in 1553, replacing her brother King Edward VI, after she removed the disputed nine-day Queen, Lady Jane Grey. In 1554 she married Phillip II of Spain; also becoming Queen Consort of Hapsburg Spain in 1556, when her husband become King.
Ruling together for only four years, Mary’s death in 1558 ending Philip’s claim to the English throne, there are very few coins of the two that have survived to this day. These silver and gold coins are also special in British coinage, given they feature the busts of both monarchs, of which only William and Mary II also share this trait.
Mary Tudor Coins
Mary Tudor is infamously known as ‘Bloody Mary’ for her violent persecution of protestants. A staunch catholic, Queen Mary is believed to have ordered to burning of 280 religious dissenters.
A year after securing the throne, Mary turned towards marriage and securing an heir. Given her catholic beliefs, a marriage with the Spanish prince Philip was arranged, and the two wed in 1554. The marriage was considered an unhappy one; the two were separated for much of the marriage, overseeing their respective countries. Mary suffered false pregnancies, and no heir was ever born.
Mary died in 1558, from an outbreak of influenza, and the crown passed to her sister Elizabeth I. Philip was unable to stay as King of England without Mary, and remained in his role as King of Spain until 1598, marrying twice more.