Charles I was King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 1625 until his execution in 1649. As the second Stuart monarch, his reign was marred by fierce disagreements with Parliament - eventually leading to the English Civil War. Only a few coins were produced during Charles’ rule: Unite coins and Gold Crowns.
Born November 1600, Charles was the second son of King James I, a descendant of Henry VII. After the death of Queen Elizabeth I without an heir, the Tudor rule ended and the Stuart monarchy began. When his older brother Henry died, Charles found himself the heir to the throne, becoming King in 1625 following his father’s death.
Charles dissolved parliament three times between the years of 1625 to 1629, believing in his divine right to rule the Kingdom as he saw fit. Religious and financial disagreements soon saw unrest lead to civil war.
The last few years of Charles’ life were spent in captivity, with the former King attempting to regain control of the throne from parliamentarian general, Oliver Cromwell. Charles was convicted of high treason following a trial and sentenced to death. He was beheaded in January 1649, and the monarchy was abolished until 1660 when Charles’ son, Charles II, was restored to the throne.