Elizabeth I was the daughter of Henry VIII and the later-beheaded Anne Boleyn. Dubbed 'the Virgin Queen' and 'Gloriana', Elizabeth was the last monarch from the House of Tudor.
She sat on the throne for 44 years, carefully negotiating foreign affairs and domestic politics. She wasn't as forthright or confrontational as her father, but her reputation grew steadily over the years and peaked with England's victory over the Spanish Armada in 1588.
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As Elizabeth did not have any children to continue to the Tudor bloodline, she was succeeded by James IV of Scotland, who became James I of England following his coronation. This began the House of Stuart's reign over England and Scotland.