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What is the London Gold Price?

The London Gold Price is one of the three main ways the gold price is set, and is officially called the LBMA Gold Price. Rather than a constantly changing price, such as the gold spot price, the LBMA Gold Price is set just twice a day, and is used by BullionByPost for larger transactions.

At BullionByPost we have a data feed for the LBMA Gold Price, which is set at 10:30am and 3pm daily. These prices are set via auctions carried out by the ICE Benchmark Association and are used industry-wide as a trusted and fair average price for orders larger than £50,000 in value.

By visiting this page you can also see the historic LBMA Gold Price dating back to 1968, meaning you can accurately observe the ups and downs of the gold bullion market throughout the decades and spot trends and enhance your knowledge of the bullion market.

Click here for the daily LBMA Gold Price

What is the LBMA Gold Price?

Gold Fix

The LBMA Gold Price is the process behind the pricing of gold bullion and other gold
related assets. It has been an essential part of gold investment since its inception
in 1919. The Gold Price was traditionally set by 5 leading gold trading banks at the time
including Barclays, Société Générale, and Deutsche Bank amongst others. Chaired
by Rothschild’s Bank, these ‘market makers’ would meet twice a day, at 10:30 and
15:00 GMT to agree a price based on their own buy and sell orders.

This system was often criticised for being opaque and prone to manipulation by the
participating banks. After a scandal in 2014 in which a trader had indeed been discovered
controlling the auction, the system was changed in order to provide greater transparency.

March 2015 saw the birth of a new, more modern system. Set electronically by ICE
Benchmark Administration (IBA), the LBMA Gold Price is now set by a greater number
of traders, all of whom are members of the London Bullion Market Association (LBMA).

Click here to learn more about the LBMA.

How is the LBMA Gold Price set?

The lead market making bank would quote a price close to the current gold spot price, at which point the banks would state an amount of gold, in troy ounces, that they would be prepared to buy or sell at that price. If the buy and sell offers had a net value of zero, i.e. the quantity traded at that price matched the quantity proposed for sale, then the gold price was set.

However, if the banks proposed to buy more gold than was available, the price would be raised, as it was clearly too cheap. On the other hand, if the chair received more offers to sell, the price would be lowered. This process would be repeated until an agreed gold price was established.

In March 2015 this process was replaced by the LBMA Gold Price as the device for setting the official gold price. The price is no longer set by 5 market making banks. Instead, it is now set electronically, administrated by ICE Benchmark Administration Ltd (IBA), the leading provider of regulated benchmarks for numerous international financial and commodity exchanges.

The LBMA Gold Price is still set twice a day, based on the price set in auctions at 10:30 and 15:00 GMT.

The auctions allow buyers and sellers to trade physical gold, and are played out in rounds of 45 seconds. IBA announces a price at the start of each round, for which bidders will then submit their buying and selling proposals. After each round, the difference between the proposed buying and selling volumes is calculated. If this difference is lower than 20,000 ounces, the auction ends and the LBMA Gold Price is set. However, if the difference is larger than 20,000 IBA announce a new price and a new auction round begins. The LBMA Gold Price is published in USD, EUR and GBP.

The new system was designed to provide greater regulation and transparency after a scandal in which banks were found to have been rigging the gold price for their own benefit.

Why do we use the LBMA Gold Price?

The LBMA Gold Price is used as a global benchmark for gold and gold derivative assets, facilitating the international trade of the metal at a common value. Although most gold purchases will be made at the gold spot price, the LBMA gold price is used as a reference by the largest members of the gold industry including miners, refiners, and central banks.

As the LBMA Gold Price is set just twice a day this leaves far less room for sudden fluctuations to leave either party in the trade out of pocket. When dealing with large transactions where even a fraction of a percent could result in the value changing by thousands of pounds, the set price offers an important buffer in either direction.